Performance Evaluation Wireless Molecular Communication

Performance Evaluation Wireless Molecular Communication

The term molecule refers to the collection of chemical particles which is electromagnetically interconnected for data transmission from the source to destination through propagation. Molecules are used in wireless communications to achieve the security of data transmitted. In the process of wireless molecular communication, the data packets are being encrypted with the molecules.  

“This article is plentifully contented with the interesting facts about the molecular communication systems and describes the significance of it”

Introduction of Wireless Molecular Communication 

Source devices in the networks progress the data transmissions. An encoded molecule in the data packets propagates the particles until they reach the destination devices. If the data packet is received by the other end, the destination devices decode the information and respond according to that. This is the system that gets involved in the animals and plant territories too. For instance, creatures breeding are signaled by the pheromones. 

Generally, the diffusion of the molecules is unsolidified. Brownian, turbulent & molecular diffusion is the mole diffusion categories. At the end of this article, you will get enough ideas on wireless molecular communication systems. Let us begin this handout with the working module of molecular communication.

How Do Wireless Molecular Communication Works?

In general, molecule communications based on “diffusion” “walkaway” & “flow”,

  • Tx stands for Transmitter & Rx stands for Receiver
  • Tx nodes encrypts (encodes) & forwards the molecules by diffusion (propagation)
  • Rx nodes receives & decrypts (decodes) the molecules

This is how wireless mole communication is processed. We hope that you are getting the points as of now stated. The process of molecule communication is encompassed with several steps. We know that here you might need better highlights. As we are concentrated on your understanding, we are going to list out the steps comprised in molecular communications for the ease of your understanding. Come let’s have them.

Steps in Molecular Communication

  • Channel and Tx & Rx Modeling 
  • Protocol(s) & Architecture Design
  • Improved Modulation Systems 
  • Evaluating Channel Parameters
  • Avoiding Inter Symbol Interference
  • Data Distributions & Diffusions
  • Performance Validations

The aforementioned are the major steps to be considered when communication is held through the molecules systems. Our researchers are intellectual in handling wireless molecular communication. Hence they have framed this article with great effort and with simplified terms to understand.

As you know that, every technology is being suffered from some of the unavoidable issues and challenges. Besides we can patch up the incapabilities by improving technology with the help of technical experimentations. Primarily, let us talk about the latest research challenges of molecular communication.

Latest Research Challenges of Wireless Molecular Communication

  • System Deployment Constraints
  • Weak Signal Strengths 
  • Encoding and Decoding Issues
  • Ineffective Biochemical Systems
  • Medical Side Effects

Molecular communication systems are facing pluses and minuses in their processes. These are some of the research challenges that arise. However, we can overcome these constraints by applying major technologies in molecular communication systems. Our technical crew is proficient in handling these kinds of constraints by hunting down them in the experiments.

In the following passage, we’ve enumerated the important technologies used in wireless molecular communication. As this is one of the important sections, pay your concentrations to update yourself. Are you ready to get into that following passage? Here we go!!!

Important Technologies used in Molecular Communication

  • Frequency Modulations
    • MC – OOK- Molecular Concentration On-Off Keying 
    • QMFSK – Quadrature Molecular Frequency Shift Keying 
    • BMFSK- Binary Molecular Frequency Shift Keying 
  • Amplitude Modulations
    • ZCSK – Zebra Concentration Shift Keying 
    • QCSK – Quadrature Concentration Shift Keying 
    • BCSK – Binary Concentration Shift Keying 
    • MCOOK – Molecular Concentration On-Off Keying
    • ASK – Amplitude Shift Keying 
    • CSK – Concentration Shift Keying 
  • Molecule Modulations
    • QMOSK- Quadruple Molecular Shift Keying 
    • MOSK- Molecular Shift Keying 
  • Modulation Combination is follows,
    • CSK + QMOSK
    • QMOSK + QCSK
    • BCSK + QCSK
    • MOSK + CSK

Frequency modulations express the modifications of the communicated molecules over the discrete frequencies. CSK signals are utilizing the amplitude molecules in the data transmission. Here data variances are expressed in pulses or waves. In molecule modulations, the sender transmits the particles (molecules) in intended symbols and then the receiver decrypts the symbol. The above-listed 3 modulations are the major technologies used in molecular communication.

In addition to these technical sections, we want to let you know the emerging research areas in molecular communication. If you are in a dilemma of doing researches in molecular systems then the upcoming sections will help you a lot using various network simulation tools. Now we can discuss the research areas in the subsequent passage with crystal clear facts.

Research Areas in Wireless Molecular Communication

  • IoNT- Internet of Nano Things
  • Machine Learning Methodologies
  • Energy Efficiency & Energy Models 
  • Vivo & Vitro Architecture Applications
  • Simulation Models & Test-bed 
  • Improvements in Interference Avoidance 
  • Multiple Source & Destination Devices
  • Encoding & Modulation Methods
  • Sender & Receiver Models
  • Structural Designs of the Molecular Devices
  • Memory-based Molecular Channel Statistical Designing 
  • Different Environments’ Channel Designing

The foregoing passage has revealed to you the emerging research areas that are being conducted by your peer groups. Besides there are so many research areas are there to expose. By having our suggestions you can get top-notch research and project ideas that stand out from others.

 In fact, everyone can do research but conducting effective and innovative research needs experts guidance. As we are offering research assistance you can approach us at any time. We are there to support you in the fields of technology. In this regard, let us get an insight into the current trends in wireless molecular communication.

10 Latest Wireless Molecular communication Research Areas

Current Trends in Molecular Communication 

  • Human Tissues & Materials in Terahertz (THz) Frequencies 
  • Nano-scale Network Security Problems
  • Electromagnetic (EM) Communication & Hybrid Molecular
  • Ultra-massive MIMO Terahertz (THz) Structures
  • Innovative Nano-sensor Systems Applications 
  • Nano-computing & Nano-scale Communication Networks’ Energy Efficiency
  • Nano-scale Communication Systems’ Deployments, Experimentations, & Test-beds 
  • THz EM Systems’ Statistical & Computational Modeling Methods 
  • THz Communication Channel Framing & Propagation of Free-space Body Areas 
  • Terahertz Communication System Designing by Nano Photonic & Plasmatic Nano-Transceivers
  • Nano-antennas & Nano-antenna Ranges based Nanomaterial & Meta Material 
  • Nanotechnology in Cancer Treatments 
  • Transmission Messages & Signals in Human Bodies
  • Molecular Communications in Critical Atmospheres such as Underground Pipelines

The listed above are some of the current trends in molecular communication. As we are contributing many more innovations to the projects and researches, we are predominantly recognized by the top universities and journal publications. You may get wonder about our ideas and concepts. Join us once to grab the fruitful results. 

As this article is all about molecular communication we are going to demonstrate how to choose the best topic for the research for the ease of your understanding. In fact, this is one of the essential sections while initiating the research approach. Are you interested to know about that? Come lets we have the handy notes.

How to Choose the Best Topic for Research?

  • Syndication of various existing ideas by renovating 
  • Identification of loopholes in other published research proposals
  • Encirclement of creative and innovative doing to explore the perspectives & solutions
  • Test conducting in the areas of research by presenting resources

In fact, we can choose one of the best research topics by practicing the aforementioned. It is ok to choose the existing ideas by renovating them. Because there are so many areas that are yet to be performed in the previous researches. Doing creative activities will distract you to do explore more things in it. At last, test conducting is very important to validate your research communication projects for PhD. If you find any additional requisites in your research then do mini-research in the future.

The above itemized are the steps that need to be followed while choosing the best research topic. If you still need any clarifications in the same you can approach our technical at 24/7. In fact, offering continuous support till the entire research completion is one of the remarkable qualities. By having these qualities we are highly demanded in the industry. 

In addition to this guide, we have also listed the novel topics for wireless molecular communications for your reference. Shall we get into the next phase? Come let us try to understand them.

Novel Topics for Wireless Molecular

  • MolCom Experimental Examination and Scalability Analysis
  • Interoperability Among MolCom Systems & Other Networking Systems 
  • MolCom Practical Test Guides & Service Configurations 
  • Improved MolCom Simulation Models by Tools & Techniques
  • MolCom Application &Cross-discipline Experimental Models

Interoperability among the molecular communications systems is effective in nature for instance IoNT, Intra-body communications, Body Area Nano-networks & IoBNT (Internet of Bio-Nano Things. Practical case studies are being guided such as medicine injections and tracking aims. The above listed are some of the novel topics based on molecular communication systems.

Besides these technologies are running better with the deployments of the enhanced tools. We think that you could have sensed the contents of the following sections. Yes, we are going to demonstrate to you the development tools used in the  molecular communication systems for the ease of your understanding.

Development Tools for Wireless Molecular Projects

  • DMCS- Distributed Molecular Communication Simulator
    • HLAs (High-Level Architectures) is designed by the DMCS simulators
    • It is the standard simulator (IEEE) which designs the massive complex networks
    • Application of the nano-scale particles are flexible in the simulation paradigms
    • It ensures the performance analysis and evaluations according to the simulations
  • MUCIN- Molecular Communication Simulator 
    • MUCIN is a kind of Matlab simulation tool which integrates the nano-devices with energy-efficient
    • Single & 3D environs are compatible with the combination of MCVD and MUCIN
    • It improves the continuous intended symbols, module filtrations & responds predictions from the Rx

Molecular communication simulators are scripted in the MolComML (MolCom Markup Language). The above listed are the 2 most important tools widely used in molecular communication. So far, we have debated all the important features pampered in the molecular systems. We are very sure about that, this is going to make you wiser in these areas.

 In fact, this is one of the promising areas which can yield sensational results by your dedicated researches. Would you like to achieve extraordinary results in wireless molecular communication? Then this is the best platform on which you can explore the innovations and different perspectives.

“Let’s begin your technical voyages with our significant assistances by applying innovations into your molecular projects and researches”

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NS3 98 119 206
OMNET++ 103 95 87
OPNET 36 64 89
QULANET 30 76 60
MININET 71 62 74
MATLAB 96 185 180
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CONTIKI OS 42 36 29
GNS3 35 89 14
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