Underwater Sensor Network Projects

Underwater Sensor Network Projects

Underwater Sensor Network Projects remains exciting due to environment causes. Underwater sensor network (UWSN) is a network that has number of sensors and vehicles to sense and collect data from underwater. In particular, vehicle that put to use in UWSN is Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUV) or Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV). AUV moves in and around the network for gathering data from the sensors. In most cases, data collected from sensors may vary due to certain factors as follows.

  • Salinity
  • Temperature
  • Pressure
  • Depth of Transceivers
  • Environment Geometry

 First of all, we discuss about the communication types and modulation schemes. Then we talk over the issues and solutions. After that, we define the emerging trends. To this end, we put forward the list of tools for doing UWSN.

UWSN COMMUNICATION TYPES AND RANGES

  • Radio Frequency (RF) [10-100m]
  • Magneto-Inductive (MI) [≤10m]
  • Optical [10-100m]
  • Acoustic [~km]

As we know, at the bottom of the sea the RF signals can travel only to a short distance. The optical signals cannot travel in an unfit medium. It is due to the diffusion of the optical signals. Acoustic signals throw less as compared to radio and optical. It results better and more useful for UWSN. Similar to communication types, technologies are emerging in this field too that is follows.

  • MIMO
  • MI Waveguide
  • 5G Networks
  • 5G Beyond Networks
  • And also many more

MODULATION TECHNIQUES

  • Frequency Shift Keying (FSK)
  • Phase Shift Keying (PSK)
  • Multiple Frequency Shift Keying (MFSK)
  • Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM)
  • Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS)
  • Frequency Hopped Spread Spectrum (FHSS)
  • Frequency and also Pulse Position Modulation (FPPM and PPM)

What are the Research Issues for Underwater Sensor Network Projects?

Now, UWSN is facing many issues. For instance, sensors in UWSN are energy constraint and also movable. Thus, energy efficacy and mobility are the key issues in UWSN. Clearly, here we post you the main issues as follows.

  • Limited Bandwidth
  • High Propagation Delay
  • 3D Topology
  • Medium Access Control
  • Routing
  • Resource Utilization
  • Mobility Prediction
  • Power and also Energy Constraints
  • Localization & Optimal Packet Size Selection

To tell truth, inside of every issue lies a solution. All the issues are line up between process and method. If you don’t know about that, it does not matter. As we know the best way to solve them by novel thoughts for your underwater sensor network projects.

PROMISING SOLUTIONS

  • Energy Efficient Clustering
  • Gateway Placement
  • AUV Trajectory Prediction
  • Range / Range Free Localization
  • Data Collection by Multi-AUVs
  • Inter Cluster and also Multihop Routing

If your choice is any issue and solution from the above, then we suggest you the best of best method. It is nearly pick from the current years and months. Since, we make a note from the survey. It shows both the positivity and negativity sides for each method. Let’s look down as we list you the key ideas and tools of UWSN.

UWSN EMERGING TRENDS

  • Energy Equation under Internet of Underwater Things
  • Dynamic Mobility Prediction over Mobile UWSN
  • Localization under 3D UWSN through Projection
  • Void Hole Alleviation in Underwater IoT WSN
  • Target Search by Multi-AUV in Unknown Field

LIST OF TOOLS AND LANGUAGES SUPPORTS UWSN

  • NS2 (C, C++, and also oTCL)
  • NS3 (C++, and Python)
  • UWSim (C#, .NETframework)
  • AQUA-Sim (C, C++, and also oTCL)
  • USNeT (C)
  • UANT (C++)
  • SUNRISE (C, C++, and also oTCL)
  • AQUA-Tools (C, C++, and also oTCL)

To conclude our talk, this reading helps students and scholars in the field of UWSN. In truth, it is a base to gain skills that you want in your area. We put your needs in the first place. As a result, we would not think to request you from more money. Last but not least, we must thank our clients to share their thoughts and trust us for project. They are connecting with us for a long time. We give hope so you render your work for the right person.

Live Tasks
Technology Ph.D MS M.Tech
NS2 23 13 14
NS3 20 12 13
OMNET++ 13 10 9
OPNET 11 12 10
QULANET 9 10 11
PEERSIM 11 12 9
RTOOL 12 9 11
VEINS 10 7 11
SWANS 11 9 7
MININET 10 8 10
PSIM 9 10 7
OPENPANA 7 11 9
GATETOOL 6 9 11
TRANS 9 10 8
SUMO 6 5 5
ITETRIS 7 7 9
CONTIKI OS 5 9 10
KOMPICS 7 8 6
PETRI NET 7 15 11
TINY OS 10 9 7
TOSSIM 8 5 4
DIVERT 6 9 5
GLOMOSIM 6 4 7
GROOVE NET 10 6 9
JIST 9 7 5
ONE SIM 6 4 5
OPTISYSTEM 5 5 4
RAPID MINER 3 4 5

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