Ad Hoc Projects Network Model

Ad Hoc Projects Network Model

              Ad hoc: A Summary

           Ad hoc is a type of wireless network that makes the connection between devices for communication, without the need of a previous system. The communication is made by temporary and connections are dynamically formed, which are also designed to send packets to two or more adjacent nodes like routers

Advantages of ad hoc projects

Ad hoc projects can be used majorly in real-time applications and scenarios. Mostly ad hoc network is used for the communication purpose and in the following perspectives. 

  • With the help of an ad hoc network, we can design a structure to protect P2P networking without any support services of integrated or confidential. 
  • Helps to develop communication through V2V strategy and with the help of ad-hoc projects, developing an effective routing for Vehicular Ad Hoc Network Simulator in urban regions

Major objectives of Ad hoc modules

Modules are essential tools in assessing the effectiveness of ad hoc networks and using the modules is a very important phase of projects to analyze the result. The main functions of ad hoc modules are given below, 

  • Wi-Fi
    • Wi-Fi strategies are used to achieve the course of simulation.
  • FTP
    • ftp is used to practice file transfer process

Significant classes of ad hoc 

The important classes used in ad hoc networks are to produce the expected outcomes effectively. The classes in the ad hoc projects involve the process of routing and queuing the packets for buffering to reduce the traffic as listed below,

  • RrepAckHeader

o This major class is purposed to implement the Route Reply Acknowledgement to transmit messages. In order to reproduce the header from the data buffer, the packet will use this RrepAck method.

  • QueueDiscFactory

o QuediscFactory is used in stocking the needed object factories and other elements like classes, internal queues, packet filters to generate a queue disc. 

Integrated tools for ad hoc projects

Integrated tools are important in evaluating the efficiency of a network to ensure the appropriate outcomes. Here we give a sample of an integrated tool used in ad hoc projects. There are various tools are on our availability. The following is the general tool used in ad hoc projects

  • OverSim

It is a typical framework for peer-to-peer (P2P) simulation and it is an open-source integrated tool especially for simulation setting of OMNeT++. The OverSim has models for both the structured and unstructured overlying protocols and systems of P2P.

Other than the above-mentioned protocol, we are using many integrated tools in ad hoc projects.

Programming languages used in ad hoc 

Programming languages for a network are essential components to implement the applications in real life. The following are the important programming languages used in ad hoc projects concerning the simulators.

  • For OMNeT++ – c++ , network files 
  • For NS2 – c++, tcl script 
  • For NS3 – c++
Comparative Study of Ad Hoc Network Projects

Supporting OS for ad hoc projects

The operating system is an essential element for any project/system design. Particularly while performing the ad hoc projects, OS with its appropriate version is needed. To support ad hoc projects, a system must have the following features of 

System Type: 64-bit Operating System


Processor: Intel Core i5-9400F

And here are the OS types and versions of ad hoc projects

  • Contiki-3.0 
  • Ubuntu-16.04 
  • Windows -8 64 Bit 

Best versions of ad hoc project tools

  • Cooja – 3.0
  • NS3- 3.0
  • OMNeT++ – 5.0

Communication protocols used in ad hoc 

A communication protocol in a network regulates the routing process without any defects happen to the system. The ad hoc protocols support both wired and wireless communications. The major protocols used in ad hoc projects are listed below,

  • Wimax

o Wimax is a group of IEEE 802.16 standard-based wireless broadband communication standards to provide options for MAC and various physical layers

o This protocol denotes the wireless IoT networks’ exclusive requirements of low-cost and low-power. And this wireless technology has improved into open global standards.

Subjects used in ad hoc 

           Various subjects are integrated into an ad hoc network for modeling the simulation and applications development. Some of the recently integrated subjects are as follows, 

  • Wireless Sensor Network

o It is a wireless network without a proper structure. It is used for monitoring purposes in an ad hoc way that is supposed in all conditions of physical and environmental. It has the capacity to organize a huge quantity of wireless sensors.

  • Wireless communication

o This term generally includes all types of communications between two or more devices without any wired technologies. It is intended to transmit data wirelessly.

Comparative study on ad hoc 

Parameters/result analysis is the most important method in networking. By the metrics used on the typical network, you can test whether the particular network provides you the appropriate or expected result outcomes. Here’s the notable process of metrics in ad hoc projects. 

  • Metrics
    • Goodput
    • Jitter
    • End to end delay
  • Traffic parameters
    • Dealing the congestion
    • Interaction security
    • Service models
    • Transport protocol
    • Distribution of packet size and arrival
    • Meshed and hub flow pattern
  • Simulation platform
    • Structures of simulation
    • Comparing various simulators for network reference
  • Defining models
    • Defining RPR functions

Subject wise modules in ad hoc 

  • Veins: it helps process VANET simulations by its feature of open source. 
  • INET: the major aim of INET is to produce protocols and other models for the users of communicative networks. It is specially meant for the OMNeT++simulation because of its open-source featured library.  

Main syntax in ad hoc

The syntax is a coding language used in networks. The following syntax is important in the process of message distribution in ad hoc projects


MpiInterface::Enable (int* pargc, char*** pargv)


  StringValue simulationTypeValue;

  bool useDefault = true;

  if (GlobalValue::GetValueByNameFailSafe (“SimulatorImplementationType”, simulationTypeValue))


      std::string simulationType = simulationTypeValue.Get ();

      // Set communication interface based on the simulation type being used.

      // Defaults to synchronous.

      if ( (“ns3::NullMessageSimulatorImpl”) == 0)


          g_parallelCommunicationInterface = new NullMessageMpiInterface ();

          useDefault = false;


      else if ( (“ns3::DistributedSimulatorImpl”) == 0)


          g_parallelCommunicationInterface = new GrantedTimeWindowMpiInterface ();

          useDefault = false;



  // User did not specify a valid parallel simulator; use the default.

  if (useDefault)


      g_parallelCommunicationInterface = new GrantedTimeWindowMpiInterface ();

      GlobalValue::Bind (“SimulatorImplementationType”,

                         StringValue (“ns3::DistributedSimulatorImpl”));

      NS_LOG_WARN (“SimulatorImplementationType was set to non-parallel simulator; setting type to ns3::DistributedSimulatorImp”);


  g_parallelCommunicationInterface->Enable (pargc, pargv);


Prominent applications in ad hoc projects

Applications are useful in solving the need for information of any individual in the current scenario. The applications are getting improving day by day to afford any type of service we are in need. Here we provide you the real-time applications for ad hoc projects

  • Sensed data transmission // WSN

Transmitting data through a wireless sensor network, the nodes presented in the network are begun to function automatically and the communication between the nodes will comes under a single device’s control

  • Pedestrian and vehicle communication applications

We can achieve the improvement of communication between the pedestrians on the roadside and the vehicles, which will help direct them on road crossing and alert the accident-prone zones in emergencies

Important algorithms used in ad hoc projects

As we discussed earlier, the algorithm is useful in the simulation process and in assessing the potential functions of a network through the attributed metrics. Here we provide you with some of the appropriate and effective algorithms used in ad hoc projects,

  • PAMAS (Power-Aware Multi-Access Protocol with Signaling) algorithm

o This algorithm has the capacity to control the battery consumption with the nodal activity frequencies.

  • DSRPA (Dynamic Source Routing Power-Aware) algorithm 

o To gain the connectivity in the long term of time, this algorithm is useful as it reflects the routing by consuming the freshness of the battery after the process of routing metric

Research domains in ad hoc 

  We can perform the research of adhoc into the following domains, 

  • Mobility management due to dynamic topology

o With the help of the dynamic topology and predicting mobility, we can perform projects in the ad hoc network

  • Hybrid network simulation

o It provides a mixed network simulation for instance by combining the Wi-Fi and LTE. We can perform projects in this process in an ad hoc network.

Important processes in ad hoc 

There are three major processes involved in the Cognitive Radio Ad hoc Networks (CRAHNs) process in three different layers. The first layer received the distributed spectrum in the form of an unlicensed band and it covers the cognitive radio user. The second layer contains the primary base station that receives the transmitted spectrum by the first licensed band to the primary user and the third layer receives the band through the second licensed band to the users.

This entire CRAHNs process can be outlined as

  • Radio Environment (stimulates the radio frequency)
  • Spectrum sensing (characterizes the stimulated radio frequency through the spectrum hole)
  • Spectrum decision (analyzes the channel capacity to transmit the frequency)
  • Spectrum sharing (converts the frequency into signal shares with radio environment again) 

Major steps in ad hoc process 

The ad hoc networking process involves the steps of transmitting the data from a source to the destination. In this process, there are four major steps for a secured and effective wireless transmission as follows

  • Devices deployment (authenticated WLAN devices, rogue WLAN devices)
  • Wireless ad hoc connection (link establishment)
  • Enabling Communication among devices
  • Data transmission (from devices through ad hoc link)

Routing in ad hoc 

As we discussed earlier, routing is important in transmitting data among different LANs and the radio ad hoc network is an effective technique in transmitting data. The radio ad hoc network can be classified into 

  • CRAHNs (Cognitive Radio Ad hoc Networks) 
  • MCRAHNs (Mobile Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks)

 Here we provide you the types of routing protocols with examples of routing protocols for Mobile Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks (MCRAHNs)

  • Clustering-based network (UNITED)
  • Connectivity based network (Gymkhana)
  • Spectrum awareness-based networking (SER)
  • Geographic routing based networks (SEARCH)
  • Link modeling based networks (ROPCORN)
  • Multi-channel based networks (C-DSDV) 

Recent project titles in ad hoc projects

Ad hoc networking is a vast area of technology and as mentioned earlier, it has plenty of scopes with real-time applications. So researchers and students of this field can discover innovative ideas in ad hoc projects with our assistance. For this purpose, our project developers have suggested some topics in ad hoc networking.

  • We can create projects on the process of transmitting the sensed data through selected routing with the help of ad hoc projects
  • We help you in perform projects on the process of routing selection and packet transmission based on aodv 
  • We help you in performing a project on the transmission of sensed packet based on a relay with the help of an ad hoc network
  • With the use of ad hoc networks, we can help you in performing projects on the process of packet transmission
  • We can help you in performing projects in the process of cluster packet transmission

Conducting Ad hoc Network projects enhances your knowledge of real-time networking. Thus there’s a bright future waiting for you and working on your project with us will give you a fantastic subject experience on ad hoc projects. We are having 100+ engineers in the relevant field and we are having experienced project developers ready to deliver your project on time. For your expected research outcomes, join us without missing this wonderful opportunity.

Live Tasks
Technology Ph.D MS M.Tech
NS2 75 117 95
NS3 98 119 206
OMNET++ 103 95 87
OPNET 36 64 89
QULANET 30 76 60
MININET 71 62 74
MATLAB 96 185 180
LTESIM 38 32 16
CONTIKI OS 42 36 29
GNS3 35 89 14
NETSIM 35 11 21
EVE-NG 4 8 9
TRANS 9 5 4
PEERSIM 8 8 12
RTOOL 13 15 8
VNX and VNUML 8 7 8
WISTAR 9 9 8
CNET 6 8 4
ESCAPE 8 7 9
VIRL 9 9 8
SWAN 9 19 5
JAVASIM 40 68 69
SSFNET 7 9 8
TOSSIM 5 7 4
PSIM 7 8 6
ONESIM 5 10 5
DIVERT 4 9 8
TINY OS 19 27 17
TRANS 7 8 6
CONSELF 7 19 6
ARENA 5 12 9
VENSIM 8 10 7
NETKIT 6 8 7
GEOIP 9 17 8
REAL 7 5 5
NEST 5 10 9

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