Satellite Communication Simulator

Satellite Communication Simulator

Communication between satellites the underground devices is called satellite communications. It provides for very long-distance transmission and therefore can function in situations where other means of communication are inaccessible. Simulation models are essential for planning satellite actions, instructing satellite controllers, and sustaining day-to-day processes throughout the satellite’s lifespan. The satellite navigation system’s core is made up of three parts

What are the fundamentals of satellite communication? 

  • Surface segment with gateway stations and major ground infrastructure for regulation, systems integration, and backhauling
  • Space segment with the constellation of satellites  
  • Customer interface (or user segment) with user terminals installed on wired and wireless systems including airplanes and ships

This article is an overview of satellite communication simulator where you can get everything needed to do the best project work in satellite communication starting from a description of the different processes involved to complete research support. Let us first start by an understanding of satellite communication through an example,

Interesting Satellite communication Simulator

What are Satellites for communication with examples? 

  • The purpose of satellite systems are used to effectively transport data
  • Hence trace loads, round trip, and downloading durations are used as important performance benchmarks

Voice connections and broadcasts, Television broadcasting, such as Direct to Home (DTH), Web technologies, like data transfer over the Internet, GPS software, and Internet browsing, Defence mapping and uses, Solutions for remote sensing, and so on are some of the important examples for the applications of satellite communication. We will provide you with all necessary explanations for the establishment of satellite communication simulator in all the above applications. Let us now look into the major components of satellite communication

What are the two main components of satellite communication?

The following are the two key areas of satellite technology

  • Transmitters, receptors, and ancillary types of equipment are all elements of the ground segment, which can be both permanent and transportable
  • The satellite is referred to here as the space segment

Hence ground segment and space segment are the two important aspects in which all the components of satellite communication are classified into. You can get detailed explanations to many frequently asked questions in satellite communication simulation and associated advanced project ideas on our website. In this regard let us now look into the working of satellite communication.

How do satellite communication works? 

The following are the important steps involved inefficient functioning of satellite communication simulator networks.

  • Identification of the needs of the operation 
    • Establishing operational goals, such as the satellite numbers, orbiting specifications, performance targets, and so on
    • It also includes specifying the position of the base and relay station
    • Considering download speeds for cross communications and uplink and downlink 
    • Data rates, sampling rates, quantization levels, and also the amount of bits per symbol must all be determined
    • This is specified by the strategic goals, the sort of data exchanged among satellite systems, the transmission frequency, and the bandwidth consumed
  • Link design 
    • Every other connection like cross-links and uplink and downlink could be developed based on a variety of factors
    • It includes the following
    • Transmitting frequency range, modulation, and coding techniques utilized
    • Gains, antenna size, beam width limitations, and interference impacts
    • Ambient or rain absorbance prediction, transmission rate, and obtained noise distortions
  • Payload size 
    • The scale of the telecommunications system is determined by the payload antenna arrangement, volume and capacity of the antenna, transmitters, and payload 
    • It also includes the antenna transmitter and receiver power requirements

For engineering students, get the most up-to-date information about advanced satellite communication. We offer a wide range of satellite communication engineering project ideas here. Especially the electronics and communication engineering students have the opportunity to develop such possible solutions. Before attempting to choose the best topic in satellite communication simulator let us have a look into the existing research challenges in the field below

Challenges in Satellite Communication

  • The following are the challenges in radiation environment in outer space
  • Ambiguity in the stream of traffic and transmissions demand a multitude of programs
  • In the broad field of application, there is no assurance of data security.
  • Inconsistency between different service demands and inadequate system resources in satellites and terrestrial networks 
  • Isolated network controlling and authentication and handover monitoring
  • Capacity restriction necessary to make the SDR viable for prospective upgrade throughout a mission or reconfiguration for many other operations 
  • Bandwidth limitation for remote software and firmware coding updates and constraints of power, mass, and volume in small communications satellites

Our technical experts have developed the solutions, technologies, and modules to overcome most of the issues stated here. Get in touch with us to have more information regarding the technicalities of the devices and the potential solutions using os3 simulator. Let us now look into the possible limitations in satellite communication simulator

Simulation Constraints for Satellite Communications

  • Data transmission frequency
    • Scientific data, flight path, spaceflight wellness data, and control data are the four forms of data that is transmitted among satellites in dispersed spacecraft systems
    • Data transfer frequency is determined by mission needs
  • Topology of the network
    • The configuration of different components like satellites, computer network nodes, sensor nodes, and so on in a network is known as network topology
    • Satellites can indeed be organized in a variable or fixed architecture in a small satellite constellation
  • Accessing in real-time
    • Expanding connectivity to space would necessitate data transport that is autonomous and does not require human intervention
    • Small satellites are used for a variety of purposes, including servicing and nearness services, in which several packets including time stamp information must be transmitted with the lowest amount of delay allowed
    • For these kinds of uses, satellites should have real-time network communication accessibility
  • Requirements of bandwidth
    • The system of small satellites that execute advanced operations demands a number of bandwidth, that is determined by the purpose and data transfer frequency
  • Connectivity 
    • Low-power tiny satellites will lose contact with each other regularly due to the difficult space environment and node mobility
    • Since so many terrestrial techniques and protocols are ineffective in this environment, networking with such wireless (intermittent) connections is difficult
    • When a result, as connectivity grows increasingly inconsistent and short-lived, their performance suffers greatly
    • As a result, routing is one of the most difficult issues to solve
    • To address the demands of space missions, conventional terrestrial protocols must be updated
  • Scalable and reconfigurable nature
    • Configurability and scalability are two fundamental needs for tiny satellite sensor nodes
    • Such networks’ services and standards must verify the node failures and the installation of additional nodes, and rearrange themselves to preserve specific objectives
    • The OSI model’s many levels must be built to allow a wide range of network designs, topology management, and scale
  • Satellite processing capabilities
    • Each small satellite would have different processing power which is dependent on the objective
    • In a centralized arrangement, the mother satellite would be more powerful than the daughter satellites in terms of processing
    • Daughter satellites could send relevant data to the mother satellite, which then processes, shrinks, applies error-correcting procedures, and sends it to the base station
    • The processing capability of all satellites in a completely decentralized system will be similar

With these constraints, satellite communication simulation requires expert assistance in most cases. We keep ourselves updated so as to guide you through the right path. Our engineers gained world-class certification in handling all simulation tools and have gained better knowledge and field experience in satellite communication simulator projects formulation, development, implementation, and simulation. You can get expert tips in writing codes from us. Now let us talk about the simulation tools for the evaluation of satellite communication projects

Simulation Tools for Satellite Communication

We review the simulations and emulating systems that have been used in satellite communication convergent research. For precise installations to accomplish predefined settings, the following five simulations and emulation techniques are commonly used

  • OPNET 
  • OMNET++
  • NS 2 and NS 3
  • STK 
  • SNS3
  • Open SAND

Let us now look into detail about some of the most important Simulators below

  • MATLAB is commonly used to evaluate efficiency, particularly in algorithm evaluations and theoretical research
  • For systems-level simulation and testing procedures, OPNET, OMNET++, and NS2 or NS3 are employed
  • STK is typically used to investigate the characteristics of a space network simulation, whereas Open SAND, an emulation system that can simulate communication channels and behavior, includes components of satellite-terrestrial network entities

Without the requirement for initial designs, simulators and emulators enable detailed insight into network construction blocks in a reasonably quick and cost-effective approach. However, SNS3 is used to perform simulations for a full-fledged system that is also used to perform protocol interactions

We understand the importance of projects because they are one of the most crucial aspects of your career. We have much more than three decades of expertise guiding scientific projects in the field of communication. As a result, you can rely on us for all of your current research. Let us now talk about the ways in which we render project support to our customers

Our Skills in Satellite Communication Simulation 

We gained a huge reputation among research scholars from around the world for our following services

  • Concrete evidence to support research and development 
  • Successful Implementation, development, and optimization of algorithms and protocols 
  • Complete communications satellite performance evaluation and final quality of service certification
  • Protocols and network performance enhancement at the higher layer with visual examples of satellite networks

With huge experience in guiding research projects in satellite communication simulator, we are capable of providing ultimate guidance on all aspects throughout your entire career. We have a commercial establishment by which we are also rendering support for real-time implementation of successful project ideas. So you can get all your research needs to be fulfilled in one place with us. Let us now have a detailed look into the SNS3 simulation tool

SNS3 for Satellite Communication 

  • Network Simulator 3 called NS-3 has a satellite network extension called Satellite Network Simulator 3 or SNS3
  • Using a geostationary satellite and a clear star payload, NS3 simulates a fully interactive and multi-spot beams satellite system
  • The reference satellite constellation includes five gateways, 72 spot beams having European coverage and Ka-band frequencies
  • SNS3 is a burst resolution system dynamic simulator at the physical level
  • It has a wide range of applications, from whole system performance to single-user QoS certification
  • SNS3 is designed to be customizable and adaptable to a variety of communications systems networks and applications

Our research experts are ready to give you any technical advice on this simulation software ranging from very fundamental to advanced level. In line with this approach, we have given a detailed characteristics based explanation on SNS3 below

Features of SNS3 

  • SNS3 uses forward links for Digital Video Broadcast 
  • Return Channel via Satellite 
  • 2nd generation (DVB-RCS2) and Digital Video Broadcasting 

Similar to the above features, the characteristics of satellite networks include the following, 

Comparison Metrices of satellite communication simulator
  • Scheduling forward and return links
    • Generic stream encapsulation and automatic repeat request
    • Error models and patterns of antenna gain in multibeam satellites
    • Calculation of signal to noise ratio and tracking interference among Intra Beam and co-channel locations (packet by packet)
    • Land mobile satellite channel and return link encapsulation
    • Adaptive coding and modulation and weather traces
    • Demand assignment multiple access
  • Rate based dynamic capacity
  • Constant rate allocation
  • Free capacity allocation
  • Volume-based dynamic capacity
  • Random Access
    • Contention resolution diversity slotted ALOHA
    • Slotted ALOHA

SNS3 also takes advantage of a number of current ns-3 models and capabilities, including support for multiple terrestrial air interfaces like LTE Simulator, Wi-Fi, and TCP and IP protocol (transport layer) models, the approach described real-time simulation and explicit code execution. For detailed information regarding other simulation tools, you shall reach out to us. Let us now talk about the satellite communication simulator antenna parameters with specifications

Specification Parameters of Antenna for Satellite Communications 

  • The physical parameters include mass (maximum of 50 grams), thickness (maximum of 5 millimeters), and size (90 x 90 mm)
    • The electrical parameters and specifications include the following
  • ISM band Frequency (5.8 Gigahertz), bandwidth (1 Megahertz), and polarization (circular)
  • Antenna gain of interstate link distance (10 dBi), return losses (less than -10 dB), and input impedance (50 ohms)
  • Exploration margin (in between + 40 and – 40 degree)

These are the important specifications of different parameters involved in satellite communication antenna design. You can get more such technical information from our website which is sure to be very much useful for your satellite communication simulation. Let us now talk about the satellite communication simulation parameters,

Simulation Parameters for Satellite Communication 

  • Power of transmission (50 mW to 2 watts), Cubesats size (1U), and packet simulated (200 packets for a satellite)
  • Orbital velocity (3 kilometers per second), altitude (300 kilometres), and separation (2 kilometers)
  • Length (exponential distribution), the arrival of data packets (Poisson distribution), and the average length of packets (1 s)
  • Range between satellites (10 to 25 kilometers) number of orbits (3) Transmission frequency (2.4 Gigahertz) and size of contention window (2^m)
  • ACK, RTS, DIFS, CTS, and SIFS in the values of 14, 50, 28, 50, and 28 microseconds respectively

These are the important parameters and their specific values to be noted in order to perform the simulation of satellite communication projects. We have gathered a lot of authentic and reliable research materials to help you in writing the best thesis, designing great projects, and publishing standard papers. Get in touch with us to have access to such a massive source of reliable data. Let us now have a look into the metrics used for comparing and analysing satellite communication projects

Comparison Metrics for Satellite Communications 

  • Bit error rate, minimum mean squared error, symbol error rate, and average symbol error rate
    • Ergodic and optimal capability
    • Outage probability

We have established simulation results of all our projects on our website. To gain a divergent perspective on various simulation tools we will provide you with some more essential details on their merits, usefulness, and demerits. Let us now see the latest technologies associated with satellite communication simulator research projects

Recent Technologies for Satellite Communication 

Advancements have always been the catalyst for accelerating the growth of the communications system. Some technologies are being used to improve network performance and may even play a role in it. Such important latest technologies that have an impact on satellite communication are listed below

  • MEC technology associated artificial intelligence methods 
    • Automatic flying processes unmanned vehicles and resource allocation aware of the context
  • Machine learning applications
    • Prediction of flow and mobility
    • Detecting intrusion sand making data classification
  • Mobile edge computing technology
    • Caching strategy which is cooperative
    • Computation and offloading of tasks

Currently, our developers and technical experts are working on all these topics. Using MATLAB to simulate satellite communication simulator projects is a good method to get further to your objective. Our contribution to your project will bring you definite worldwide recognition. You can get satellite communication simulation to help up and project designing details when you interact with us. 

Live Tasks
Technology Ph.D MS M.Tech
NS2 75 117 95
NS3 98 119 206
OMNET++ 103 95 87
OPNET 36 64 89
QULANET 30 76 60
MININET 71 62 74
MATLAB 96 185 180
LTESIM 38 32 16
CONTIKI OS 42 36 29
GNS3 35 89 14
NETSIM 35 11 21
EVE-NG 4 8 9
TRANS 9 5 4
PEERSIM 8 8 12
RTOOL 13 15 8
VNX and VNUML 8 7 8
WISTAR 9 9 8
CNET 6 8 4
ESCAPE 8 7 9
VIRL 9 9 8
SWAN 9 19 5
JAVASIM 40 68 69
SSFNET 7 9 8
TOSSIM 5 7 4
PSIM 7 8 6
ONESIM 5 10 5
DIVERT 4 9 8
TINY OS 19 27 17
TRANS 7 8 6
CONSELF 7 19 6
ARENA 5 12 9
VENSIM 8 10 7
NETKIT 6 8 7
GEOIP 9 17 8
REAL 7 5 5
NEST 5 10 9

Related Pages


YouTube Channel

Unlimited Network Simulation Results available here.