RPL Projects

RPL Projects

RPL Projects develops routing specially for the wireless devices that has low power. The RPL stands for Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks is for wireless communication in the fields of sensors networks, internet of things (IoT) and 6LoWPAN. In fact the base for RPL is the Destination Oriented Directed Acyclic Graph (DODAG) that uses three main control messages such as,

  • DODAG Information Object             // DIO
  • Destination Advertisement Object    // DAO
  • DODAG Information Solicitation    // DIS

The design of RPL gives support for both point to point as well as multipoint to point in the RPL Projects. In the past the route is on the basis of one metric but now it improves to use many objectives. This is only for the purpose of increasing efficiency in network performance.   

Root Objective Functions of Routing in RPL

  • Power and also residual energy  
  • Quality of Service
  • Congestion between devices
  • Trust based metrics
  • Expected transmission count
  • Mobility, distance and also hop count
  • Received Signal Strength Indicator
  • Dynamic link quality and stability index
  • Traffic prediction

How routing performs in RPL?

At first, the network builds DODAG from the root node which is high at rank. Then, the other nodes link with the parent node with respect to the rank. Hence, it is an attentive topic of parent selection in the DODAG.   Henceforth, in RPL the root node as the server that collects data from the other nodes in the DODAG. For data collection in the way of routing, some methods are in use. While here we give you few methods below.

Methods using in Routing on RPL Projects

  • Fuzzy logic and content based routing
  • Weighted ranking mechanism
  • Analytical Hierarchy process
  • Burst and also congestion routing
  • SPLIT and GROLL
  • Intelligent learning automata
  • EKF-MRPL, EMA-RPL and also LNR-PP

Besides routing, the RPL subjects with the area of security. Since the sensitivity of the data depends on the application. For instance if it is for smart home that collects data from home appliances then, there it needs to be secure. So that, RPL should be aware from the following security threats.   

Vulnerable attacks on RPL Projects

  • Version number attack
  • Sybil, Mobile sybil and also Wormhole
  • Blackhole and also Grayhole
  • Spam DIS
  • DAO inconsistency and DAO insider attack
  • Hatchetman attack
  • Packet dropping and also energy depletion
  • Jamming attack

Above all the recent days focus is to give lightweight way out to detect and reduce attack. Since the IoT devices have only limited resources for use. So that it needs efficient use of it.

To this end we say the effective design of RPL operations requires testing in proper tool. The tool should adapt RPL process in protocol stack and need to adapt with the standards such as IEEE 802.15.4, IEEE 802.15.1, IEEE 802.11, and so on. Here we give the best tools that aid all type of functions in RPL.

Special Simulations tools for RPL Projects

  • Cooja
  • Contiki OS
  • OMNeT++ with Castalia
  • Network Simulator 3
  • JSim
  • TOSSIM
  • And many more

From time to time, the versions in tool goes to next stage. Even though it moves, we also grow up along with it. And course of we give aid only on new version of the tool that you choose. All in all we employ special teams who will be with you from the start to the end.

Live Tasks
Technology Ph.D MS M.Tech
NS2 23 13 14
NS3 20 12 13
OMNET++ 13 10 9
OPNET 11 12 10
QULANET 9 10 11
PEERSIM 11 12 9
RTOOL 12 9 11
VEINS 10 7 11
SWANS 11 9 7
MININET 10 8 10
PSIM 9 10 7
OPENPANA 7 11 9
GATETOOL 6 9 11
TRANS 9 10 8
SUMO 6 5 5
ITETRIS 7 7 9
CONTIKI OS 5 9 10
KOMPICS 7 8 6
PETRI NET 7 15 11
TINY OS 10 9 7
TOSSIM 8 5 4
DIVERT 6 9 5
GLOMOSIM 6 4 7
GROOVE NET 10 6 9
JIST 9 7 5
ONE SIM 6 4 5
OPTISYSTEM 5 5 4
RAPID MINER 3 4 5

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