VANET Simulation in Ns3

VANET Simulation in Ns3

What is VANET?

           The vehicular ad hoc network is abbreviated as VANET and it is the compression in of self-organizing vehicles as the mobile nodes. In addition, VANET is providing the comprehension for vehicle to road side (V2R) and vehicle to vehicle (V2V) to develop the comfort and safety measures such as lane changing assistance, traffic optimization, collision avoidance and more.

What is Ns3?

         The Ns3 is one of the simulation tools which is used to develop the open source and free simulation environment that is apt for the process of networking research and that is associated with various simulation requirements in the modern networking research. In addition, it should embolden the software validation, peer review and contribution of the community.

          Most significantly, our technical experts have highlighted the list of security necessities and the issues in security which is relatable for the VANET simulation in Ns3 in the following.

Security Requirements and Challenges for VANET

  • Vehicle tracking
  • In vehicle safety and vehicle tracking, the exact location of the vehicle is considered as the most significant data. In addition, the notable challenge to secure the scheme of communication of VANET faces includes the depiction of balance among the nonrepudiation versus privacy and authentication
  • Evidence and proof management
  • While the vehicle is moving on roads and highways, the concerns have to identify the vehicle in case of illegal travel speed that might cause accidents and on the other hand some services needs the proofs
  • Responsibility enforcement
  • Vehicles have to provide information to recognize the accountability acknowledgment. For instance, in the accident cases the authorities are entitled for the documentation of accountabilities
  • Accessibility
  • Vehicular system includes the long lifetime and the suitable performance of sensitive subsystems have to be confirmed all the way through the lifecycle of vehicles
  • Privacy
  • Vehicular systems are considered as the private devices and the operations are directed through the regulations and practices. The privacy of driver and passenger has the high importance and that is one of the security aspects
  • Access control
  • In general, the vehicle systems are based on the transport means and that have to be appropriate to the individuals and legal entities
  • Even more secure means are essential to control the system access
  • Confidentiality
  • While exchanging the information, the confidentiality have to be ensured in all the vehicle systems
  • Sensors
  • GPS
  • OBU
  • RSU
  • It is the most significant process and the authorized persons only can access the data particularly in V2I and V2V communications
  • Integrity
  • The information and data are distributed from several resources of information and that should not be modified through the attackers. The appropriate data from various sources have to be safeguarded against the unauthorized falsifications and the sources such as
  • V2I communications
  • V2V communications
  • SU systems
  • Sensors
  • RSU
  • OBU
  • Authentication
  • It is process used to verify the identity of vehicles and drivers. In addition, the frames of beacons are authenticated to avoid the spoofing attacks

Channel Congestion control in VANET

          The process of VANET simulation in Ns3 includes the three significant types of congestion control in VANET. So, our research professionals have enlisted the three types in the following with their significant characteristics.

  • Hybrid control of transmission power and rate
  • The rate of transmission and power control are used to obtain the acceptable accuracy for tracking the nearby vehicles through avoiding congestion in the shared commutations channels
  • Power control is deployed as the linear function set among the minimum and maximum power constrains based channel load and it is measured through the clear channel assessment functions
  • Beaconing rate control
  • Adaptive traffic control is the demonstrative technique in TRC scheme and it is sued to determine the period of beacon transmission that is related to the utility of message and quality of channel
  • Transmit control is used to control the beaconing period and this the technique which includes various effect in the beacon reception rate
  • Transmission power control
  • Beaconing rate control is capable to lead the potential lack of data and that is capable to impend the safety of vehicles due to the reduction of beaconing rate in the congested circumstances

       Additionally, our technical experts in VANET have enlisted the advantages based on vehicular ad hoc network simulation in Ns3.

Benefits of Ns3

  • Open development community
  • Ease of contributing
  • Tranquil extensibility
  • Real code integration
  • Real stock application binaries
  • Real linux stacks

Simulated Entities in Ns3

  • Applications
  • It is deployed to send and receive the final data and exist on nodes
  • Packets
  • Packets are sent across the networks
  • Channels
  • Transmission medium
  • Net devices
  • Boundaries of protocol stack with channels and physical transmission medium
  • Nodes
  • The elements used to form network and connected through channels
  • Protocols
  • It is capable to regulate the connectivity
  • Sockets such as API exists for the applications

          Next, let’s have a quick discussion about the simulation settings that are based on the network used in the VANET. In this research process, our research professionals have covered some required simulation process to initiate your research mind for the right direction process.

Network Simulation Setting

  • Simulation time
  • 150 seconds
  • Total participating nodes
  • 30
  • Transmission nodes
  • UPD (CBR)
  • TCP
  • Payload size
  • 1024 Byte
  • Bandwidth
  • 11 Mbps
  • WiFi model
  • 11b
  • Transmission range
  • 250 meter
  • Propagation loss model
  • Friis propagation loss model
  • Transmission power
  • 10 dBm

         While using the Sumo packages and Ns3 network simulator to transmit and receive the packets among the participating cars with three ad hoc routing algorithms such as DSR, DSDV and AODV. So, we have enlisted the significance of routing process in VANET with the utilization of Ns3

Routing in VANET using Ns3

  • Modeling communication network using Ns3
  • Physical layer up is used to diverse the application layer protocols and the routing algorithms in Ns3. The simulation for 3 cars is selected as the sender and the data packets are leads to reach the 3 cars as the receiver. The rest of the process is in the intermediate forwarders. The simulation process adopts TCP and UDP transport layer protocols and the ad hoc routing protocols such as DSR, DSDV and AODV
  • Modeling car traffic flow using SUMO
  • Sumo is considered as the open source project including various parts of the car and that is individually modeled to move the cars in frequent space at the discrete time. It is capable to model the traffic lights, cars, diverse roads and etc. This process includes three information for the traffic flow simulation and they are
  • Flow data to depict the process of car moving from one node to another in what average speed
  • Indication of edge data lanes of roads and directions
  • Node data consist the intersection and junction of roads

          Below, we have itemized some research topics what we are currently working in the VANET simulation in Ns3. If you want to know about more inspiring ideas then you can contact with us. We are glad to assist you at your hard research times through our flawless guidance.

Project Titles

  • An optimized algorithm for power and beacon control in VANETs based on DDPG
  • Comparison and analysis performance in topology based routing protocols in vehicular ad hoc network
  • Software defined cooperative data sharing in edge computing assisted 5G VANET
  • Malicious node detection in VANET using fuzzy clustering techniques
  • ALMS: Asymmetric lightweight centralized group key management protocol for VANETs

          Until now, we have deliberated the research impacts of in the VANET simulation in Ns3 and we hope that you have got the general idea to begin your research in the vehicular ad hoc network. We are offering complete research support for the research scholars in research proposal writing, code implementation, paper writing, paper publication, thesis writing and survey paper writing. So, the research scholars can confidently reach out to us without any hesitation for all your research needs.

Live Tasks
Technology Ph.D MS M.Tech
NS2 75 117 95
NS3 98 119 206
OMNET++ 103 95 87
OPNET 36 64 89
QULANET 30 76 60
MININET 71 62 74
MATLAB 96 185 180
LTESIM 38 32 16
CONTIKI OS 42 36 29
GNS3 35 89 14
NETSIM 35 11 21
EVE-NG 4 8 9
TRANS 9 5 4
PEERSIM 8 8 12
RTOOL 13 15 8
VNX and VNUML 8 7 8
WISTAR 9 9 8
CNET 6 8 4
ESCAPE 8 7 9
VIRL 9 9 8
SWAN 9 19 5
JAVASIM 40 68 69
SSFNET 7 9 8
TOSSIM 5 7 4
PSIM 7 8 6
ONESIM 5 10 5
DIVERT 4 9 8
TINY OS 19 27 17
TRANS 7 8 6
CONSELF 7 19 6
ARENA 5 12 9
VENSIM 8 10 7
NETKIT 6 8 7
GEOIP 9 17 8
REAL 7 5 5
NEST 5 10 9

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